Peran Umat Kristiani Dalam Sejarah

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Cornelius E.S.

“Tunduklah, karena Allah, kepada semua lembaga manusia, baik kepada raja (Negara/ pemerintah) sebagai pemegang kekuasaan yang tertinggi” (1 Petrus 2:13).

 

SEJARAH adalah tapak-tapak peradaban manusia beserta lingkungan terkaitnya, tapak-tapak itu sambung – menyambung menghubungkan peradaban ke peradaban, menghantarkan manusia memasuki kehidupan beradab, untuk menciptakan kualitas kehidupan yang lebih beradab sebagai perwujudan rasa hormat dan terimakasih kepada sang pendahulu terlebih rasa syukur kepada Sang Maha Beradab, yakni Tuhan Yang Maha Kuasa.

Sejarah Indonesia adalah karya kreasi kepemimpinan seluruh rakyat Indonesia, bukan jasa dan upeti dari siapapun. Sosok kebangsaan yang kemudian terkristal dalam Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia berdasarkan Pancasila dan UUD 1945 yang berwilayah dari Sabang sampai Merauke juga merupakan akumulasi kesadaran politik kebersamaan kebangsaan Indonesia, bukan hadiah atau kebesaran hati dari golongan manapun. Sejarah menyaksikan kehadiran umat Kristen sejak tahun 645 Masehi di Pancur Barus Tapanuli sebagaimana dicatat dalam buku kuno tulisan Shayk Abu Salih Al-Armini yang perkembangannya sampai abad 17 di berbagai tempat seperti di Padang, Semarang, Surabaya, Sulawesi Utara, Pantai Barat Sulawesi, Maluku, NTT, dan Irian Jaya bersaksi tentang kehadiran dan partisipasi serta kepemimpinan Kristen di bumi Nusantara.

Sejarah juga membuktikan bahwa agama Kristen bukanlah agama kolonial (penjajah).  Para pejuang kemerdekaan yang beragama Kristen di masa kerajaan Nusantara dan di masa kebangkitan nasionalisme Indonesia modern mencapai Proklamasi kemerdekaan, justru menunjukkan ketulusan hati dan peran strategisnya yang didasari dan dimotivasi oleh iman Kristianinya untuk melawan penjajah. Hal serupa juga terus berlanjut dalam era “Nation and Caracter Building” dan era Pembangunan nasional bahkan catatan emas pada saat-saat monumental seperti Penetapan UUD 1945, Pemantapan Angkatan Perang/ Bersenjata, Perengkuhan Irian Jaya, dst.

Epos perjuangan dramatis pemuda asal Menado yang gugur di Ujung Pandang, Wolter Robert Monginsidi (1925 – 1949) yang mengakhiri hidupnya di depan regu tembak Belanda dengan tangan kiri memegang Injil, dengan mata terbuka dan tangan kanan mengepal sembari meneriakan seruan “merdeka!” Hikmat agamis yang dicontohkan oleh Kapitan Pattimura (Thomas Matulessy) yang sebelum tertangkap Belanda, menyempatkan diri menyerahkan hidupnya kepada Tuhan dengan berdoa dan membaca serta meninggalkan Alkitab terbuka Mazmur 17 di Gereja Saparua – Tiouw Maluku.

Pahlawan kusuma bangsa itu adalah sosok kepemimpinan manusia unggul yang kental kadar keimanannya dan kental kadar kebangsaannya. Ketaatannya kepada agama tidak serta merta menjadikannya kerdil, primitif dan sektarian, melainkan menempatkan esensi ajaran agama sebagai sumber motivasi untuk didharmabaktikan kepada substansi yang lebih universal dan luhur, yakni kebangsaan Indonesia. Kita tidak akan berhenti mensyukuri dan kagum serta konsisten terhadap keputusan politik yang sangat sangat monumental, yakni tatkala para intelegensia/cedikiawan pemimpin bangsa pada tanggal 18 Agustus 1945, yang meskipun kesemuanya memiliki kadar keagamaan dan keimanan yang sangat kuat, tetapi pendiri Republik Indonesia yang terdiri dari Ir. Soekarno, Drs. Mohamad Hatta, Prof. DR. Mr. Raden Supomo, Mr. Johannes Latuharhary, DR. Gerungan Saul Samuel Jacob Ratulangi. Haji Teuku Muhammad Hassan, Mr. Raden Kasman Singodimedjo, Mr. I Gusti Ketut Pudja, Drs. Yap Tjwan Bing, Haji Wachid Abdul Hasyim, Ki Bagus Hadikusumo dan kawankawan tidak memilih sosok Negara keagamaan, tetapi secara bulat mereka memilih Negara kebangsaan sekaligus menetapkan Pancasila sebagai Dasar Negara. Hal serupa juga ditunjukkan oleh kekuatan Iman Panglima Besar ABRI Jenderal Sudirman yang Islam Kejawen dapat bekerja sama dengan kuatnya iman Panglima Angkatan Perang RI pertama Mayor Jenderal Tahi Bonar Simatupang yang Kristen Tapanuli.

Demikian pun konfi gurasi politik kebangsaan Indonesia mencatat peran historis Dr. Johanes Leimena sebagai WAPERDAM I, memimpin Rapat Kabinet di Istana Negara pada saat krisis peristiwa 30 September 1965, Ir Soekarno diungsikan ke Istana Bogor. Peran historis juga dianugerahkan Allah kepada Mayjend D.I. Panjaitan, Mayjend Sugiyono, Kapten Piere Tendean dan Komisaris Polisi Sasuit Tubun, yang menjadi tumbal pada peristiwa “Gerakan 30 S PKI” 1965, iman anak-anak Tuhan ini bahkan menyelamatkan nyawa Jenderal Muslim. Jelas, catatan sejarah membuktikan bahwa umat Kristiani mempunyai ‘saham’ demi eksis dan keberlangsungan bangsa ini. Peran serta umat Kristiani dalam perjuangan merupakan anugerah historis dari Allah bagi bangsa Indonesia yang seharusnya dilestarikan dan dijunjung tinggi, bukan justru hendak ditiadakan, apalagi mau diredefi nsi simpul-simpul pentingnya oleh sejumlah ‘cendekiawan dari kelompok tertentu’, termasuk konon Pancasila. (*)

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